How do I help my bassoonist play in tune? What are the factors at work? How can I learn to diagnose the problem?
Workbook Page: 26
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It is important to differentiate between intonation problems due to the technique of the student from intonation problems due to the natural tendencies of the instrument.
Common Student-Generated Pitch Tendencies
Inherent Bassoon Pitch Tendencies
This diagram is also provided in the back of the workbook:
For generalized pitch problems (everything flat or everything sharp), assess the student’s air usage and embouchure technique. Also consider whether the instrument is in a reliable state of repair. If all is well, the student should move to a different bocal (small numbers are shorter bocals, larger numbers are longer bocals).
Note: The cork of the bocal is not designed to be “pulled out” to adjust tuning. Doing so may adversely affect tone and response, and in some instruments this may expose areas vulnerable to rot inside the bocal well.